Passé Composé


The passé composé is the equivalent of English past tense.  An example of passé composé is « jài mangé un pomme», which translates into “I ate an apple”.


The passé compose consists of three parts.

1. The first part is any noun.


In this exercise, we will be using the word “je”, which translates into “I”. However, other pronouns and proper nouns can also be used.


2. The next part is the auxiliare. Depending on the verb, the auxiliare can either be the conjugation of “être” or “avoir”. Usually, verbs demand an “avoir” auxiliare.


In this exercise, we will be using the conjugation of “avoir”, which is “j’ai”. However, as stated before, this depends on the next part- the participé passé.


3. Finally, we add the participé passé. This is a special format of any verb.


There are three main ways to do participle passés.


However, there are exceptions to this rule.


For this exercise, we will be using the verb “vendre”. So, our participle, as it is an “re” verb, our “re” becomes a “u”, changing into “vendu”.


4. Lastly, put it all together.

The noun + auxiliare + participle passé = Passé Composé


In our exercise, we finally have « j’ai vendu ».