Elements of a Short Story Grade 10



- Appearance: Examples: good-looking, wise, foolish, relies on looks, hesitant

- Speech: Things that are said, things that are thought)

- What others say about character

- Actions: What do they do, are they consistent with the way they speak and think

- Contrast: between characters, villains, etc.

- Authenticity: is the character believable in their actions and words

- Adjectives: words that could be used to describe the character




- Place: Natural, Artificial, Imaginary, Fictional, Real, Etc.

- Physical Characteristics: Objects, plant life, landforms

- Time: When? Past, Future (futuristic setting), Present,

- Mood: Atmosphere created by the setting

- Effect of action due to mood



Proof 1

Proof 2


Proof 1

Proof 2




- Structure and order of events

- Chronological

- Flash Back

- Flash Forward

- Mixed together

- Non-Sequential Plot

- Revolves around a conflict (usually)

- Man Vs. Man

- Man Vs. Nature

- Man Vs. Himself

- Man Vs. Society

- Man Vs. Supernatural

- Man Vs. Machine

- Problems that occur

- Resolved or not resolved at end of a story


Point of View


- The perspective the story is told from

- 3rd person narrator

- Omniscient: Knows everything about the story

- Often isn’t part of the story

- Gives one perspective

- Must determine if has limited/unlimited knowledge about emotions and thoughts of all characters

- 1st Person Narrator

- Reports what he/she sees, hears, or thinks

- Learn a lot about own background

- Usually biased

- Generally Reliable, sometimes to trick the reader, you may have an unreliable narrator.

- Makes the story more interesting

- In plays, there isn’t usually a narrator. Audience determines the actions we see and interpret the story.




- Central idea of the story

- Short stories are limited to one theme (Generally)

- Usually created through the use of different elements

- Described using abstract words (Revenge, love, jealousy, etc.)


Topics, use the topic and expand on it when describing the theme:

- Revenge

- Death

- Love

- Jealousy

- Hatred

- Evil

- Deception

- Regret

- Ambition

- Greed

- Self Discovery

- Survival

- Unity

- Friendship

- Redemption

- Justice

- Corruption – (theme example: Corruption leads to wrongdoing)

- Appearance Vs. Reality

- Innocence to Experience

- Birth and Death

- Love and Hate

- Good Vs. Evil

- Virtue Vs. Corruption

- Order Vs. Chaos