Alternative Energy

Energy Source

 

Non-renewable or Renewable

 

Where does the energy originate?

 

Technology used for conversion to electricity?

 

Provinces using this energy source

 

Advantages of using this source

 

Disadvantages of using this source

 

WIND

 

renewable

 

Unequal solar warming of Earth's surface and atmosphere produces wind.

 

Wind turns turbine blades and via an axel turns a generator.

 

all except BC, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut

 

many wind places, relatively cheap, no emissions

 

intermittent possible hazard to birds and bats, noise, light flickering

 

NUCLEAR

 

Non-Renewable

 

Uranium

Nuclear Reactors

 

Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick.

 

Clean Energy

Safety of workers

 

BIOMASS

 

Renewable

Plant and Animal Matter

Burned or converted into gaseous fuels.

 

British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia

- Releases the same carbon emissions into the atmosphere that green plants used in photosynthesis. - Prevents waste.

 

 

 

COAL

 

Non Renewable

 

From rocks.

 

Burned

Coal Mines: BC. AB. SK.NB. PEI

Power Plants: AB. SK. MB. NB.

 

Low cost, large quantities.

 

Very harmful to the environment.

 

PETROLEUM

 

Non Renewable

 

Oil and Natural Gas

 

Equipment that Refines crude oil

 

All Provinces Use Petroleum in a way.

 

Very Convenient, most widely available.

Harms environment.

 

TIDAL & WAVE

 

Renewable

 

From the Oceans Currents and waves

 

Water turbines

 

 

 

Clean energy.

Not enough to provide power for all energy needs.

 

SOLAR

 

Renewable

 

The Sun

Solar cells capture and convert the energy into power.

 

All provinces use Solar energy in one way or another.

Clean Energy

Can only work in areas with high amounts of sun radiation.

 

HYDRO

 

Renewable

 

Water

 

Turbines that spin when water pushes them. Dams.

 

BC, AB, SK, MB, ON, QC, NB, NS

 

Clean energy

 

Expensive, Building of facilities may harm residents and habitants of land.

GEOTHERMAL

 

Renewable

 

Earth’s Heat

Ground source heat pumps

 

BC, YK, ON, QC, NS, NB

 

Clean Energy

Economic and Geographic Issues